Rosignano Marittimo, the capital of the Municipality, is a charming medieval town perched on top of a hillock overlooking the Tyrrhenian coast. Even though its name is of Roman origin (gens Rasinia was a Pisan noble family that had land holdings in this area), the castle, which is the oldest part of the town, was probably built during the tenth century A.D.
The castle was extensively remodeled and transformed from a place where people settled to a representation center. It includes the buildings that were owned by the largest landowners in the area, such as the Fattoria degli Arcivescovi di Pisa, which now hosts the Municipal Administration and is the ‘symbol’ of the country. A restoration dating back to the '30s made this building look medieval with fake stone blocks and battlements. Moreover, the Castle includes Palazzo Bombardieri, which now hosts the Archaeological Museum.
The hamlet develops at the foot of the castle with its distinctive narrow streets, in which cultural, religious, and food-and-wine events take place throughout the year.
On the eastern side, Parco dei Poggetti covers a large cultivated area and a surface that is rich in Mediterranean vegetation. This place is perfect for picturesque strolls in the greenery.